The cartoonist: "to be or not to be"

? How did cartoon begin and when It had been 35,000 years ago, when the first human had laughed on the nature around him, and the g...



?How did cartoon begin and when
It had been 35,000 years ago, when the first human had laughed on the nature around him, and the giant animals and started to draw them on the walls of the caves.
He continue drawing on the walls of Greek old temples and the pyramids in ancient
Egypt and theaters of Rome.
Drawing cartoons continued during the renaissance age by Leonardo Davinci in Italy and then by Tomas Rolandson In England. The history also cannot forget Andrea Domeia in France how was jailed by king Loie Phielip because of Andrea's ironical  criticism of the king and his corrupted retinue.
Then, this art developed in United states at the beginning of twenty century. And lived his golden time and it still continue its best days by being published in several magazines, newspapers and websites.
During cartoon history, many cartoon schools have been appeared. Which make the meaning and the concept of the cartoon as an art:
The west European school which draw a simple dialogues that reflect the cynical meaning.
2  The eastern European school which detailed drawing without any dialogue.
The American school which combine the two former school and I am one of its 
followers.
There are several questions that should be discussed in this occasion:

  • What is the cartoon art?
  • Who is the cartoonist?
  • Cartoonist and censorship in Dictatorial regimes: Mice and cat game?                                                     
  • What is the effect of cartoon on the developments and events of our the world?

What is the cartoon art?
My definition for this art is that it is universal Visual language that use simple lines to draw a great ideas, summarizing thousands of pages in a simple way that make you laugh and cry bitterly inside yourself because of your political, social and religious situation that you live. The situation that is inconsistent and needs a correction.
The cartoon art is a challenging art which challenge minds. It is like an audience who is against what hides in darkness of life.
The cartoon does not always make you laugh by itself but it’s the reality of our life which like a dark comedy that we live in make our life ironical. So we can say that cartoon is bitterly laughing art.
Palestinian cartoonist Naji Al Ali

  Who is the cartoonist?
He is a human with a special feeling that can feels political, social inconsistency of life in the world.
Cartoonist is biased person in defending human's sufferings. His pen is the voice of voiceless people who suffer in our world. He is a person who draw to defend life and love.
Cartoonist is a human who believe in freedom and social justice. He is a human who broke the scissors of censorship inside himself to break all taboos and restrictions by his pen.
Cartoonist is a person who has nothing but his heart and his pen in this life.
He is a person who sacrifice his life to freedom, equity,  justice of all people in the world. He could be Palestinian cartoonist, Naji Al Ali who was killed in London in 1987 or could be Ali Firzat, the Syrian cartoonist that whose fingers were broken in 2011. And last but not least, five French cartoonists of CHRLIE HEBDO  were killed in Paris attack – Charb, Cabu, Wolinski, tignous and Honore last January 2015.
Furthermore, cartoonist is a person who always say: "to be or not to be" this the case in his war against Dictatorship, terrorism and extremism.

     
Cartoonist and censorship in Dictatorial regimes: Mice and cat game?
When you draw to defend freedom or democracy or justice, you will send to prison or be torture. When you draw a Dictatorial president or wild king, then there is no doubt that you will be killed.
This is the fate of cartoonist in the countries which ruled by  Dictatorial regimes, where no freedom exist of press and the freedom of expression only exist in the dreams.
In Dictatorial regimes, only state press is existing and you should be obedient to the regime and loyal to its corrupted people.
In Dictatorial regimes, they try to make fool of people and mock on their minds and freedom and dignity.
In this war, cartoonist always have to play the game of mice and cat with this suppressive regimes. He has to sacrifice his freedom to criticize these regimes.
Cartoonist may play this game with his chief editor, where he work, to avoid being censored and tagged as:
"Not suitable for publishing".
My advice to every chief editors of newspapers and magazines over the world not playing this game with cartoonist and avoid his anger because he may hit you by his pen.
          
Ali Firzat
 What is the effect of cartoon on the developments and events of our the world?
Thanks to technological advances and cyber world that make our world a global village which make communication easier and faster between nations in the world because of these technological advances, cartoon art lives its golden time. Cartoon is derived from the core of life with all its varieties and differences. Cartoon as an art affect and get effected from his surrounding world. The world around the cartoonist inspire him to draw with new ideas with a new way to discover new horizons.  The art of cartoon is the symbol of cultural advance and human progress in civilization
That show nations tolerance to ironical criticism.

News: Second international cartoon contest and exhibition, Norway 2017

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