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The History of Smurfs, Discover the Incredible History of These Beloved Blue Characters!

Where Do Smurfs Come From? The History of Smurfs
The illustration for "Kiddie Crushes" has arrived! Drawn on June 18th, 2014.

Uncovering the Fascinating History of Smurfs: From Belgian Comics to Global Phenomenon

The Smurfs are one of the most beloved and recognizable franchises in modern culture, captivating audiences of all ages with their whimsical adventures and charming personalities. But how did these iconic blue characters come to be? In this article, we’ll take a deep dive into the history of the Smurfs, tracing their origins back to their creation by Belgian cartoonist Peyo in the 1950s.

From their humble beginnings as a comic book series to their explosive success as a global phenomenon, we’ll explore the fascinating story of the Smurfs and the enduring legacy they have left on pop culture. Whether you’re a die-hard fan or simply curious about the origins of these lovable creatures, this article is a must-read for anyone interested in the incredible history of the Smurfs.

Title: The Smurfs

Created by: Peyo (the pen name of Pierre Culliford)

First Appearance: 1958 (Comic Strip), 1959 (Comic Album)

Genres: Comedy, Fantasy, Adventure

Main Characters:

  • Papa Smurf
  • Smurfette
  • Brainy Smurf
  • Clumsy Smurf
  • Hefty Smurf
  • Jokey Smurf
  • Gargamel (the main antagonist)

Setting: Smurf Village in a forest

Publisher: Dupuis (initially), Le Lombard, and various others (comic albums)

Notable Features:

  • Created by the Belgian cartoonist Peyo, “The Smurfs” are tiny, blue, and endearing creatures who live in mushroom-shaped houses in Smurf Village.
  • Each Smurf has a distinct personality trait that defines them, such as Brainy Smurf’s intelligence and Clumsy Smurf’s clumsiness.
  • “The Smurfs” series includes comics, animated TV shows, films, and a wide range of merchandise.
  • Known for their use of the word “smurf” in various creative ways (e.g., “Smurf-tastic!”).


  • “The Smurfs” have become a beloved and enduring franchise with a global fanbase.
  • The animated TV series, which aired from 1981 to 1989, is particularly iconic.
  • Multiple animated and live-action films have been made, further expanding the franchise’s reach.

Related Works:

  • “Johan and Peewit,” another comic series by Peyo that introduced the Smurfs.
  • Numerous animated TV series and specials, including “The Smurfs” (1981-1989) and “The Smurfs: The Lost Village” (2017).

Where Do Smurfs Come From? The History of Smurfs

The Smurfs, also known as Les Schtroumpfs in French, are a fictional group of small blue creatures created by the Belgian comic artist Peyo. The Smurfs first appeared in a comic book series in 1958 and have since become an iconic part of popular culture. The Smurfs characters have been featured in animated television shows, movies, and merchandise.

The History of Smurfs, You Should Know
The History of Smurfs, Discover the Incredible History of These Beloved Blue Characters!


Peyo, whose real name was Pierre Culliford, created the Smurfs for a story he was working on for the Belgian magazine Le Journal de Spirou. The original Smurf story, “The Flute with Six Holes,” appeared in the magazine in October 1958. Peyo was inspired to create the characters after observing his young daughter playing with a small wooden figurine of a dwarf.
The Smurfs were initially depicted as supporting characters in the Johan and Peewit comic book series, which Peyo created in 1947. However, the popularity of the Smurfs quickly surpassed that of Johan and Peewit, and they soon became the stars of their series.

The actual origin of the Smurfs was an idea by a Belgian cartoonist named Pierre Culliford (also known as Peyo), in 1958. The initial comic strip appeared in a Belgian magazine, but only really gained wide appeal when the idea was taken up by Hanna-Barbara Productions.

The name Smurf derives from the French word Schtroumpfs meaning “what-you-may-call-its” which came from a mealtime conversation with a friend, when Peyo, forgetting momentarily the word for “salt”, asked his friend to pass the Schtroumpf, and, when he had finished Schtroumpfing, to pass it back.

Where Do Smurfs Come From? The History of Smurfs
The History of Smurfs, Discover the Incredible History of These Beloved Blue Characters!

Comic Book Series

The Smurfs comic book series debuted in 1959 and was published in Spirou magazine. The series initially consisted of short, self-contained stories but eventually evolved into longer, serialized tales. Peyo wrote and illustrated the majority of the Smurf stories, with some assistance from other writers and artists.
The comic book series proved enormously popular, with translations published in numerous countries worldwide. The Smurfs were particularly popular in Europe, where they became a cultural phenomenon. The Smurfs In the United States, the comic book series was published by Marvel Comics.

The History of Smurfs, You Should Know
The History of Smurfs, You Should Know

Television Shows

In 1981, the Smurfs were adapted into a television series by the American animation studio Hanna-Barbera. The show was a massive success, running for nine seasons and 256 episodes. The show followed the adventures of the Smurfs as they navigated life in their forest village and battled the evil wizard Gargamel and his cat Azrael.
The show’s popularity spawned numerous spin-offs and merchandise, including toys, games, and clothing. The Smurfs also became the subject of a feature film, The Smurfs and the Magic Flute, in 1976.

The History of Smurfs, You Should Know
The History of Smurfs, You Should Know

Film Adaptations

The Smurfs have been the subject of several feature films. The first, The Smurfs, was released in 2011 and was a live-action/animated hybrid film. The film starred Neil Patrick Harris and Hank Azaria and featured the voices of Katy Perry, Jonathan Winters, and George Lopez.
A sequel, The Smurfs 2, was released in 2013. The film featured the return of the main cast and added Christina Ricci and J. B. Smoove to the voice cast.
In 2017, a fully animated Smurfs movie titled Smurfs: The Lost Village was released. The film featured the voices of Demi Lovato, Joe Manganiello, and Rainn Wilson.

The History of Smurfs, Discover the Incredible History of These Beloved Blue Characters!
The History of Smurfs, Discover the Incredible History of These Beloved Blue Characters!


The word was translated into smurf and a whole world came into being, of little creatures with blue skin and dressed in red, usually with a white hat, and stories of sorcery and wizards.

Over the years Smurfs have featured in animated films such as the adventures of the Smurfs, the Smurfs and the Magic Flute, the Baby Smurfs, and Here Come the Smurfs. Sony has announced its intention to begin a trilogy of Smurf stories in film, the first of which is due to be released in 2011. The film will probably star Jonathan Winters as Papa Smurf, Katy Perry as Smurfette, and George Lopez as Grouchy Smurf, amongst others.

The Smurfs have become a cultural phenomenon and a beloved part of popular culture. The characters have inspired numerous spin-offs, merchandise, and adaptations and remain popular with audiences of all ages. The Smurfs were also used in advertising campaigns, including a long-running campaign for the Belgian airline Brussels Airlines.
In 2021, the Smurfs celebrated their 63rd anniversary, with numerous events and promotions held worldwide to mark the occasion. The characters remain a popular part of children’s entertainment and will remain a fixture of popular culture for years.

The History of Smurfs Video

FAQ about History of Smurfs

Who is Pierre Culliford and what was his idea behind creating the Smurfs?

Pierre Culliford, also known as Peyo, was a Belgian cartoonist who created the Smurfs. His idea was to depict small blue creatures living harmoniously in nature.

How did the Smurfs get their name and what does it mean?

The Smurfs were created by Belgian cartoonist Peyo in 1958. Their name comes from the Dutch "smurf," which means "elf" or "sprite."

What is the origin of the Smurfs' blue skin?

The Smurfs' blue skin is said to be the result of a magical formula created by their creator, Belgian cartoonist Peyo, in the comic book series.

What kind of personalities do the Smurfs have and how do they work together?

The Smurfs have distinct personalities, from Papa Smurf's leadership to Brainy's know-it-all attitude. They work together as a team, using their strengths to overcome obstacles.

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