The Early Development of Animation Film: Since the cinema was found, film-makers have used animation techniques to produce visual effects like an explosion, rocket, and many more. The first full animation film was Humorous Phases of Funny Faces (1906). It was produced by a cartoonist of the American newspaper, J. Stuart Blackton. This film described a cartoonist that was drawing a face on the blackboard.
In Europe, a short animation film, Fantasmagorie (1908) by Emile Cohl from France was noted as one of the oldest animation movies. Meanwhile, the first long animation movie was El Apostol (1917) by Quirino Cristiani, the animator from Argentina.
The first stop-motion “3-D” animation movies were The Grasshopper and the Ant (1911) and The Cameraman’s Revenge (1911) by an animator from Soviet, Wladyslaw Starewicz. Then, animation movies developed very fast to all countries in the world from Asia, Europe, up to America.
The first character of animation that was very influential and successful was Gertie, a Brontosaurus in Gertie the Dinosaur (1914). This film contained 10.000 frames of pictures. Its creator was Winsor McCay, a popular animator for New York Herald.
Several next years, Felix, a cat by Otto Messmer, appeared for the first time in Feline Follies (1919) and Musical Mews (1919). Then, this superstar cat appeared in a hundred movies in the following years. This cat was noted as the first animated character that was successful to become merchandise.
The Last Life (1928) was noted as the last animation movie of Felix, along with its popularity that went down because of the presence of sound technology and the shellacking to compete with a superstar of Walt Disney, Mickey Mouse. Meanwhile, Walt Disney in this era was successful through the cartoon series of Alice and Oswald, a rabbit.
The Early Development of Animation Film Video
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